资料4----动词不定式与动名词作主语和宾语的用法浅析及练习和答案-新课标word免费下载

您现在的位置:文学常识题库 > 西方文学,time:2019-05-15 21:30
上一篇:资优学生健康人格培养的群体研究 下一篇:资料NERO7刻录CD图文教程word免费下载

动词不定式与动名词作主语和宾语的用法浅析一、作主语动词不定式和动名词都具有名词的特征所以都可以在句中作主语。 .不定式作主语()Todoherhomeworkoftentakesheroneandahalfhourseveryevening()Todomorningexerciseseverydayisgoodforyourhealth()TolearnEnglishwellisveryeasyforme不定式(或不定式短语)作主语时常用It来代替称为形式主语真正主语(不定式)放在句尾如上面的句子可改为:()Itoftentakesheroneandahalfhourstodoherhomeworkeveryevening出现句型“Ittakessbtimetodosth”例如:①Itwilltaketheworkersyearstobuildthebuilding②Ittookmeonlyafewminutestohavebreakfast③Howlongdidittakeyoutocleanyourroom()Itisgoodforyourhealthtodomorningexerciseseveryday()ItisveryeasyformetolearnEnglishwell出现句型:“Itis形forofsbtodosth”例如:①It’sverydifficultformetowalkontheice②It’skindofyoutohelpme③Itwasquiteimportantforyoutosaythattohimatthattime当形容词表达人所具有特性时用ofsb,当形容词表达事物的特征时用forsb.动名词作主语()Doingmorningexercisesisverygoodforyourhealth()ReadingaloudisveryimportantinlearningEnglish()Gettingupearlyisagoodhabit二、作宾语.有些动词或动词词组常用不定式作宾语常见的有:agree,ask,choose,decide,hope,promise,want,wish,wouldlike等而有些动词或动词词组常用动名词作宾语常见的有:enjoy,finish,keep,mind,miss,suggest,hate,bebusy,lookforwardto等。 .不定式多指某次具体的动作动名词多指一般的或经常的行为。

例如:()Iliketostayathometonight()Ilikestayingathomeatnight()ShepreferstoskatewithKatethisafternoon()Sheprefersskatingtoskiing.动词need,want,stand(忍受)后的宾语可有不定式也可用动名词但有区别:不定式作宾语时带有主动含义句子中的主语与不定式在逻辑上有主谓关系动名词作宾语时往往带有被动的含义动名词与句子的主语存在动宾关系。 例如:()Ineedtorepairmyshoes()Myshoesneedrepairing()Iwanttopaintthewalls()Thewallswantpainting.介词常用动名词作宾语例如:()Thanksbfordoingsth()stopsbfromdoingsth()Whatdoyoumeanbydoingsth()WhatHowaboutdoingsth()begoodatdoingsth()spend…(in)doingsth()lookforwardtodoingsth()beusedfordoingsth.以下动词可以用不定式作宾语,也可以动名词作宾语但意思不同。 ()stoptodosth停止正在做的事情去做另一件事。

stopdoingsth停止正在做的事情。 例如:aIt’stimeforclassPleasestoptalkingbItstimeforclassPleasestoptogetintotheclassroom()goondoingsth继续做同一件事情。

goontodosth继续做另一件事情。 例如:aAfterashortbreak,hewentondoinghishomeworkbAftermath,wewillgoontostudyEnglish()在动词remember,forget,regret之后动词不定式表示动作未发生动名词表示动作已发生过。 例如:aIshallremembertohelpherwithherChinesebIrememberseeinghersomewherebeforecDon’tforgettocallmetomorrowdIforgotreadingthisbook()trydoingsth试着做过某事。 trytodosth设法做某事努力做某事。 例如:aShetrieddrawingapictureofthefarmandwelikedthepictureverymuchbShetriedtodrawapictureofthefarm,butsheneverdidit()在动词begin,start之后不定式和动名词作宾语区别不大但当表示无意识的动作时多用不定式。 例如: Whenwewereplayinginthepark,itsuddenlystartedbegantorainheavily.动词find,think,believe后不能接不定式作宾语可用it作形式宾语把不定式放在句尾充当这些动词的宾语。

例如:①Childrenfinditinterestingtoplaycomputergames②Doyouthinkitimportanttostudycomputerwell.“疑问词不定式”作宾语。 例如:①Idon’tknowwhattosaytoyou②Ican’tdecidewhichpairofshoestobuy③Canyoutellmewhentostart习题精选IspenthalfanhourmyhomeworkAfinishingdoingBtofinishdoingCfinishingtodoDfinishdoingExcusemeMayIyoutopassmethesugarAkeepBmakeCletDtroubleThankyouformesomuchhelpAtogiveBgiveCgivingDgave–“Areyoufreethisafternoon”–“NoI’dliketoteachthechildrenthepiano”AplayingBwhattoplayCplayDHowtoplayYou’dbettertoomuchtimeoncomputerIt’sbadforyourstudyAspendBtospendCnotspendDnottospendTheheadmasterstoppedtomebecausetherewasacallforhimAtalkingBtotalkCtalkedDtalksMrBrownwasbusyonthemachineAworkBtoworkCworkedDworkingWhenIwalkedpasthishouse,Iheardhimintheroom。


编辑推荐

友情链接